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  • 改革开放以来中国人权发展研究
  • 发布时间:2018-11-05 10:31 | 作者:满意论文网 | 来源:网络整理 | 浏览:
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    【Abstract】 2008 is the 60th anniversary of the publishing of Universal Declaration of Human rights as well as the 30th anniversary of China\'s reform and opening up. Human rights is the product of the progress of human society, and the emergence of the ideas and theories of human rights prominently marked the progress of human society and civilization. Fully realizing and enjoying the human rights is the common ideal and objective pursued by all human beings. During the past 30 years of reform and opening up, China has been undergoing great changes in politics, economy, culture and other aspects, operating on the "people-oriented" principle and striving to realize the basic rights of Chinese people.The *** begins with the elaboration the development of human rights both in west and ancient China. It discusses the development of human rights in starting and developing stages of Communist Party respectively, analyzing and comparing the ideas and theories of human rights by Chinese leaders Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao. This *** also expounds how Chinese government and people combine the universal principles of human rights with China\'s actual conditions as well as the great efforts they\'ve made when promoting and protecting the human rights of Chinese people in politics, economy, culture, legal system, social environment and etc since the beginning of reform and opening up policy. In the ***, the author presents the splendid achievements China has made in the development and protection of human rights of collective and individuals, especially the human rights of women, children and the handicapped in the aspect of collective and the rights of existence, the rights of development, civil rights, political rights, economic rights, social rights and cultural rights, etc in individuals. The *** explicates the feature of human rights of China that is the unity of collective and individuals, the rights and obligations.Guided by the concept of scientific development, the author uses the research methods of the integration of theory with practice, the unity of generalization and specialty, and the combination of politics, economics sociology and history, exploring the development of human rights of China during the past 30 years of reform and opening up, which is of certain theoretical and practical importance.
    【中文摘要】今年是《世界人权宣言》发表60周年,也是我国改革开放30周年。人权是人类社会进步的产物,人权观念和人权理论的出现是人类社会文明进步的明显标志,充分实现和享受人权是全人类追求的共同理想与目标。改革开放的30年,不仅是我国的政治、经济、文化等方面发生日新月异变化的30年,也是我国体现“以人为本”、全面充分尊重和实现人的基本权利的30年。本论文从西方人权思想和中国古代人权思想发展的阐述着手,分起步期和发展期两个阶段论述了中国***人权思想的发展,分析比较了党和国家历届领导人在人权方面的思想及论述。总结了改革开放以来,中国政府和人民将人权的普遍性原则和中国的具体国情结合,在政治、经济、文化、法制、社会环境等方面为促进和保护人权方面作出的巨大努力。描述了30年来中国在发展和保护集体人权和个体人权,特别是集体人权中的妇女、儿童以及残疾人的人权,个体人权中的生存权和发展权、公民权利和政治权利、经济社会文化权利等方面所取得的辉煌成就,并论述了中国人权具有集体人权和个体人权相同一、人权权利与人权义务相同一的特点。本论文以科学发展观为指导,运用理论与实践相结合的研究方法,从政治学、经济学、社会学、历史学相结合的研究角度,采用一般性与特殊性相结合的研究手段,探索改革开放30年里中国人权的发展题目,具有一定的理论价值和现实意义。');

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