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  • 全面建设社会主义时期中国***与***党派关系研究
  • 发布时间:2018-11-18 10:50 | 作者:满意论文网 | 来源:网络整理 | 浏览:
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    【中文摘要】中国***领导的***合作和政治协商制度是我国一项基本政治制度。在中国特色社会主义的政党关系中,中国***是中国特色社会主义事业的领导核心,中国各***党派是致力于建设中国特色社会主义事业的参政党。它们之间的长期合作,成为建设中国特色社会主义的有力保障。本文结构共分为五大部分:第一部分:引言。简明先容本文的选题缘由及意义,并分析了当前学术界对于全面建设社会主义时期中国***与***党派关系题目的研究综述,以及阐明本文试图解决的题目。第二部分:全面建设社会主义时期中国******合作的理论、实践和现实基础。包括马克思、恩格斯和列宁关于无产阶级政党关系学说、中国***与***党派合作共事的历史经验、进进社会主义建设时期时的国内外形势。通过对全面建设社会主义时期党处理同***党派关系政策的理论来源、实践基础和当前形势进行分析,明确了全面建设社会主义时期中国***处理同***党派关系的理论、实践和现实基础。第三部分:全面建设社会主义时期中国******合作政策的主要内容。从***合作的基础、方针和形式的角度,对这一时期党的***合作政策具体内容进行先容。第四部分:全面建设社会主义时期中国***与***党派关系政策与实践的曲折发展。对这一时期党同各***党派之间的关系发展状况进行了全面系统的概括和总结。社会主义改造完成以后,中国进进全面建设社会主义时期。中国***通过对社会主义社会阶级状况的恰当分析和社会主义社会主要矛盾的正确判定,确定了与***党派“长期共存,互相监视”的合作方针,确立了把我国建设成为社会主义强国的合作基础,完善了双周座谈会、协商座谈会等灵活多样的参政议政、***协商的合作形式。进一步巩固了中国***领导的***合作与政治协商的中国特色的社会主义政党制度,实现了整个社会主义低级阶段中国***与各***党派长期的友好合作,也为调动一切积极因素、集中精力建设社会主义奠定了基础。然而,全面建设社会主义时期中国***与各***党派的关系却经历了异常的曲折。1957年发动的反右派斗争及其扩大化,以及随后的***党派内部的整风、批判、“自我改造大跃进”、“向党交心”、“拔白旗”等运动,颠覆了党对***党派的正确政策,将***党派长期置于被斗争和改造的地位,使各***党派、中国***乃至整个社会主义建设事业遭受损失。50年代末60年代初,国内出现困难局面。中国***逐渐开始纠“左”的工作,调整***政策,对***党派制订“弛”的方针,为受到冲击的***党派成员进行摘帽和平反,使党同各***党派的合作共事关系得到改善和缓和。进而使中国***和各***党派和衷共济,共度难关。1962年党的八届十中全会,将阶级斗争扩大化和尽对化。“左”的错误在对***党派的工作中重新抬头并逐渐发展,使***理论政策是非严重颠倒,党与***党派关系再度紧张。这种“左”的错误不断发展,终于导致了“***”的爆发。第五部分:全面建设社会主义时期中国***与***党派关系的经验反思。这一时期党在处理同***党派关系方面的经验和教训值得我们反思。这其中既有党充分信任和发动***党派,与它们精诚合作,共同建设社会主义的成功经验,也有在分析社会主义矛盾、处理社会主义***、协调***党派关系上出现的失误,以至对社会主义建设各方面造成的严重危害。这一时期中国***的***合作工作,固然在“左”的错误思想指导下,遭受损害,但究竟没有形玉成局性长期性的错误。中国***与各***党派的团结与合作,在克服国家经济严重困难,调整恢复国民经济,建设社会主义的工作中,起到了重大作用。并对新时期正确处理中国***与***党派关系有积极启示。');
    【Abstract】 Multi-parties cooperation and political consultation system under the leadership of CPC is one of the basic political systems of China. Within the political parties relationship in the cause of building socialism with Chinese characteristics, CPC is the core leading force and democratic parties are parties participating in the management of the cause. The long-term cooperation of CPC and democratic parties is an effective guarantee of the cause of building socialism with Chinese characteristics.The structure of this *** includes five parts.The first part: Introduction. Briefly introduced the reason and meaning of selecting this subject and analyzed current research review of academia on building the relationship of CPC and democratic parties in the period of all-round socialism construction, then explained what problems this ***s aims to solve.The second part: Basic theories of CPC multiparty cooperation in the period of all-round socialism construction. Including doctrines of Marx,Engels and Lenin on parties relationship of proletariat;experiences of CPC and democratic parties cooperation; The situation at home and abroad in the period of building socialism. Through analyzing the theories origins, practice fundament and current situation of CPC’s policies on dealing with the relationship with democratic parties, this *** made clear the theoretical and practical and reality fundament of CPC’s relationship with democratic parties in the time of building socialism.The third part: The main content of CPC’s multi-parties cooperation policies in the period of all-round socialism construction. To introduce the foundation, guidelines and forms of the CPC’s multi-parties cooperation policies.The forth part: The tortuous development of the policies and its practice of CPC on relationship with democratic parties in the period of all-round socialist construction. The *** carried on overall and systematic summary and synthesis of the development between CPC and democratic parties in this period. After the completion of socialist transformation, China stepped into the period of building socialism。By correct analysis of classes condition in socialism society and right judgment of main social conflicts in the society, CPC ascertained the cooperation guideline of“long-term coexistence, mutual supervision”with the democratic parties, as well as the cooperation fundament of transforming China into a modern and powerful socialist state, and perfected cooperation forms such as biweekly colloquia and consultation colloquia. Thus further solidified the multi-parties cooperation and political consultation system under the leadership of CPC with Chinese characteristics, realized friendly cooperation of CPC and the democratic parties in the primary stage of socialism, and paved way for mobilizing all positive factors and concentrating on building socialism.However the relationship between CPC and democratic parties went through exceptional twists and turns during the 10 years of building socialism. The Anti-rightist movement started in 1957 and the extensification of the movement, followed by rectification and criticism inside democratic parties,“self-transformation Great Leap Forward”,“show loyalty to the Party”and“remove white flags”overthrew CPC’s right policies toward democratic parties and long regarded them as roles to be fought remolded, thus made the democratic parties, CPC and the whole cause of building socialism suffered losses.By the late 1950s and early 1960s, problematic situation emerged in China, CPC gradually corrected the“left”in work , adjusted policies of united front work and drew a“loosen”guideline for the democratic parties, rehabilitated the honor of attacked members of democratic parties, thus amended the relationship of cooperation between CPC and the democratic parties and they in times of difficulty work together with one heart.At the Tenth Plenary Session of the Eighth Central Committee of CPC in 1962, class struggle was extended and absolutized. The errors of“left”in the work of CPC on democratic parties rise again and gradually developed, bringing reversal of right and wrong on theories and policies of united front work, tightening once more the relationship between CPC and the democratic parties, the errors of“left”constantly developed and finally caused the burst of the Cultural Revolution.The fifth part: Reflection on the experience of CPC’s relationship with the democratic parties in the period of building socialism. Experiences and lessons of CPC on dealing with the relationship with democratic parties deserve our reflection. There is successful experience of CPC when it fully trusted and cooperated with the democratic parties in the cause of building socialism, as well as errors on analyzing social conflicts and dealing with its relationship with democratic parties which finally led to severe harm for the building of socialism. Though the work of multiparty cooperation of CPC in this period was suffered under the guide of the wrong“left”idea, long-term and constant error didn’t occur. The unification and cooperation of CPC and democratic parties played an important role in conquering severe difficulty of the country, adjusting and recovering national economy and building socialism.
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